Правила поведения за столом

Семья за столом

Иностранцы, приехавшие с визитом в Великобританию, часто бывают ошеломлены безупречной культурой жителей Туманного Альбиона. Особенное значение в Великобритании придают манерам во время употребления пищи. Итак, несколько правил для тех, кто хочет показаться в британском обществе достойным человеком.

What should you do or not do when you are eating in Britain

Классический английский завтрак

The British generally pay a lot of attention to good table manners. Even children are expected to eat properly with knife and fork.

Things you should do.

- If you cannot eat a certain type of food or have some special needs, tell your host several days before the dinner party.

- If you are a guest, it is polite to wait until your host starts eating or indicates you should do so. It shows consideration!

- Always chew and swallow all the food in your mouth before taking more or taking a drink.

- Always say “Thank you” when served something. It shows appreciation!

- We eat most of our food with cutlery. The foods we do not eat with a knife, fork or spoon include sandwiches, crisps, corn on the cob, and fruit.

- You may eat chicken and pizza with your fingers if you are at a barbecue, finger buffet or very informal setting. Otherwise, always use a knife and fork.

- When eating rolls, break off a piece of bread before buttering. Eating it whole looks tacky.

- On formal dining occasions it is good manners to take some butter from the butter dish with your bread knife and put it on your side plate (for the roll). Then butter pieces of the roll using this butter. This prevents the butter in the dish getting full of breadcrumbs as it is passed around.

Нож и вилка

- In a restaurant, it is normal to pay for your food by putting your money on the plate the bill comes on.

- When you have finished eating, and to let others know that you have, place your knife and folk together, with the prongs (tines) on the fork facing upwards, on your plate.

Things you should not do

В кафе

- Never lick or put your knife in your mouth.

- It is impolite to start eating before everyone has been served unless your host says that you don't need to wait.

- Never chew with your mouth open. No one wants to see food being chewed or hearing it being chomped on.

- It is impolite to have your elbows on the table while you are eating.

- Never talk with food in your mouth.

- It is impolite to put too much food in your mouth.

- Never use your fingers to push food onto your spoon or fork.

- It is impolite to slurp your food or eat noisily.

- Never blow your nose on a napkin (serviette). Napkins are for dabbing your lips and only for that!

- Never take food from your neighbor’s plate.

- Never pick food out of your teeth with your fingernails.

- Do not pour the tea from the teapot as soon as it has been made; leave it for a minute or two.

Things that are ok to do

Чай с сахаром

- It is ok to pour your own drink when eating with other people, but it is more polite to offer pouring drinks to the people sitting on either side of you.

- It is ok to put milk and sugar in your tea and coffee or to drink them both without either.

В Великобритании правила поведения за столом соблюдаются даже в собственном доме.Поэтому есть вероятность, что жители этой страны покажутся Вам слишком чопорными, однако они всегда будут вежливы и доброжелательны к Вам.

При подготовке материала были использованы следующие источники:http://www.ukstudentlife.com/Personal/Manners.htm

http://resources.woodlands-junior.kent.sch.uk/customs/behaviourfood.html

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